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If you live in an EU country and have universal health care in your own country, you have probably heard of the E111 card. You may not know what it is, however, or if you actually need to apply for one.
So, what is an E111 card and when will you need one?
What is an E111 card? — An E111 card does not actually exist anymore, even though you may still hear older Europeans talking about it.
The E111 used to be a free card that allowed any EU resident or citizen to get free government-provided healthcare in any European Union country, plus Switzerland, Iceland, Norway and Lichtenstein. The E111 card was replaced in 2006, however, and is now known as the European Health Insurance Card or EHIC.
Who is eligible to apply for an EHIC? — Any person who is a citizen or resident of any European Union (EU) country is allowed to have an EHIC. This also applies to citizens and residents of European Economic Area (EEA) countries and Switzerland. If you live in any of these countries and do not yet have your EHIC, you can easily apply for it online via a short application form.
When do you need an EHIC? — You must have an EHIC when you travel to another EU or EEA country or Switzerland, if you expect to have free healthcare while you are there. If you do not have the EHIC and have an accident or are suddenly taken ill, you will have to pay for all your medical expenses upfront.
Do you have to pay for an EHIC? — No, you do not. You can apply for the EHIC online via the website of the country you are currently resident in. There is no charge for the application, and the card will be sent to you free of charge.
How long is the EHIC valid? — Once you are approved for the card, it is valid for five years from the date of approval. When it gets close to the expiration date, if you are still resident in the EU, EEA or Switzerland, you simply apply for it to be renewed.
What are the benefits of having an EHIC? — The main benefit is that whenever you travel to anywhere within the EU, EEA or Switzerland you are covered for all medical care should you have an accident or fall ill. Even pre-existing conditions are covered.
If you are skiing, however, you should also have private travel insurance in addition to the card, as the EHIC will not cover you for mountain rescue. It will also not cover you if you are taken ill and have to be flown back to your country of residence, or if you decide you need private medical care.
These are all reasons why it is recommended you always have additional travel insurance along with the EHIC whenever you leave your country of residence.
Everyone has experienced some form of stomach discomfort. Maybe from meat that was slightly under-cooked or a particularly spicy meal. Most of the time these issues are common and resolve themselves. However, there are limits to what is considered ordinary symptoms. If your problems persist or worsen, then it may be time to see a specialist. A gastroenterologist is a doctor whose primary focus is treating diseases and disorders that effect the stomach and intestines. Here are a few health concerns that warrant you seeking a gastroenterologist of your own.
The reason behind a person’s eating disorder can vary. Sometimes it is psychological, other times it is the result of another medical condition. The effects of these disorders, however, are more predictable, especially for a gastroenterologist. For example, pica is a craving for non-food substances. These substances are not able to be broken down by the digestive process, and can lead to serious complications. Bulimia is another eating disorder that can wreak havoc on your digestive system. Those struggling with bulimia are identified by frequent eating binges, immediately followed by sessions of purging where they either incite vomiting or abuse laxatives. Over time, these impulses can eat away at the esophagus or worse.
There are some intestinal disorders that, once diagnosed, require regular visits to a gastroenterologist – and finding a gastroenterologist and making an appointment is really not that big of a deal, if you have regular issues. This is because certain disorders are categorized as chronic, which means it is necessary to receive frequent treatment.
Ulcerative colitis is a condition that repeatedly inflames the large intestine and rectum. It takes monitoring from a specialist to manage symptoms and track the progression of the disease.
Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is a mysterious condition that causes cramps, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. Because the reasons for this disease is unknown, a gastroenterologist is the most capable physician for management.
And then there’s Crohn’s – which is in a category of its own:
An obstruction is something that either partially or completely blocks the intestines. This can be the result of surgery, a tumor, or even a condition with which you were born. Regardless, this type of condition can lead to severe complications. One type of obstruction is known as intestinal adhesions. This is when certain inflammation or damage has caused parts of the intestine to stick together. Another form of obstruction is an inguinal hernia, which is a protrusion of a small part of bowel that is usually the result of excess weight, heavy lifting, or straining. A gastroenterologist can determine your particular type of obstruction, and advise on the best course of treatment.
The digestive system is one of those bodily functions that is difficult to ignore. When something goes wrong, it can have a significant impact on your daily activities. Do not hesitate to visit your doctor if you experience any symptoms that cause concern. Not only is this the best way to be proactive about your health, it can also help with a diagnosis. Many insurance plans and specialists require a referral from a primary physician before scheduling an appointment. Paying attention to your body and responding accordingly can make a world of difference.
What is CBD?
CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the 85 different cannabinoids that have thus far been identified in the cannabis plant. Whereas THC is known for its psychedelic effects, CBD is completely non-psychoactive and actually works to counter the effects of THC. CBD also provides a wide array of positive health benefits including pain management, reducing stress and improving mood, and a number of other potential benefits.
Natural Pain Relief
Vanilloid receptors are responsible for pain management in the brain. CBD has highly analgesic properties making it an excellent all natural pain reducer without the common side effects of traditional medicine. CBD actives the Endocannabinoid system (ECS) which controls neuroprotection, stress recovery, immune balance, and homeostatic regulation in our bodies. CBD changes the way our brains transmit and interpret pain. CBD is also a powerful anti-inflammatory making it perfect for treating and reducing pain caused by arthritis.
Natural Mood Enhancer and Stress Reducer
Serotonin receptors help control the body’s mood and manage stress. CBD was found to combat against prions associated with mad cow disease. As an anti-oxidant, CBD is a strong neuroprotective agent and acts to reduce overall stress from oxidation lessening neuron degradation. Oxidation is linked to Crohn’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, gastric ulcers, and other disorders of the central nervous system. Studies show that CBD helps inhibit the production of glutamate, the most abundant neurotransmitter used all over the body to transmit signals to our brains, thus protecting brain cells and reducing cell damage.
Natural Sleep Aid
Adenosine receptors manage our sleep cycles. The best cbd oil works to treat insomnia and as a natural sleep aid that will not leave you feeling groggy the next day. It is non-habit forming and helps you fall asleep fast without the side effects of traditional sleep aids
As a powerful anti-anxiety treatment, CBD helps to calm users. Those suffering from PTSD have seen notable benefits from using CBD. CBD is also an anti-psychotic and has shown efficacy in patients suffering from schizophrenia without the traditional side effects of modern medicine.
Other Potential Health Benefits
CBD has shown to reduce the production of sebum, the oil your skin produces, and could potentially help control acne outbreaks. Studies on mice have shown CBD to reverse the inflammatory response and protected against the effects of Muscular Sclerosis. Fibromyalgia is commonly treated with anti-inflammatory, pain medications, and corticosteroids. Studies have shown CBD reduced fibromyalgia symptoms without any side effects.
CBD Treating Epilepsy
CBD has made headlines in its effectiveness with treating epilepsy. Charlotte Figi, a young girl suffering from Dravet syndrome, was having 300 seizures a week with severe spasms, shakes, and loss of consciousness. After 1 week of treatment with CBD, Charlotte didn’t have a single seizure. CBD has been helping countless others reduce and even eliminate their epileptic seizures.
CBD has a number of positive health benefits including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotectant, anxiolytic, antidepressant, analgesic, anti-psychotic, and more. The chemical has shown itself to be very beneficial to our health and treating a number of diseases. Most notable is that CBD is all natural and can treat severe symptoms with fewer side effects than traditional medicines.
Joe Rogan on CBD: