Psychology refers to the thoughts and behaviors that people exhibit each day. The way people think and how their minds work is what causes them to act and react in the ways they do. Psychology studies these behavioral traits and reactions to determine patterns. Emotion, perception, motivation, and personality are all components that are monitored.
Subfields of Psychology
There are numerous subfields of psychology. Health psychology refers to behaviors that directly relate to health issues and illness. Psychological issues of the mind can also have an impact on the body. Sport psychology is another field. This refers to behaviors and thinking regarding sports and performance.
Clinical psychology is the subfield directly relating to mental illness. Disorders such as depression, bipolar, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder fall under this category.
The cognitive process is another component. This includes the study of thinking and the mental processes that are used. This is a more scientific study that focuses on components of the brain and brain functioning.
Although there are a number of responses people can show, most react in similar manners when presented with the same situations.
Those that react in a far different way could have a psychological disorder that makes their mind work differently. There are a variety of psychological disorders that can come into play.
Eating disorders, such as binge-eating and anorexia, are among the list of psychological disorders. People with trouble eating often have it in their mind that they need to lose weight. They have a fear of weight gain and are self conscious about what their body looks like.
Addiction is yet another psychological disorder. This refers to any type of addiction, whether it is sexual in nature, a drug addiction, or addiction to alcohol.
People become dependent on what they are addicted to it, and crave to have it, no matter the cost.Even anxiety classifies as a psychological disorder. Each of these disorders affects the mind, yet can also affect the body when left untreated. Oftentimes, these disorders lead to other problems, including stress, health-related issues due to stress, trouble sleeping, trouble breathing, upset stomachs, and more. These disorders need to closely be monitored and treated appropriately so no other issues arise.
Treatment for Psychological Disorders
Although psychological disorders vary a great deal, there are many similarities in the forms of treatment. Therapy and counseling are one of the best options.Sitting down with a psychologist who understands the processes of the brain and how it works can help patients pinpoint their exact disorder and the symptoms and troubles associated with it. Medication is an alternative solution that may help limit some of the symptoms shown. There are various medications that help with mood stabilization.
Psychology is a scientific study that focuses on the mind and behaviors that come from it. There are numerous subfields within the study, along with a variety of disorders that are listed under the subject. Disorders within this field require careful studying and diagnosis to determine a proper course of action.